Writer, laureate of State award of Kazakhstan
Khamza Yesenzhanov was born on December 25, 1908 in Saryomir village, of Dzhambeyta uezd, Uralsk oblast, which is now a part of Terektinskiy district. Having lost his parents at the age of 8, the future writer was raised by his uncle Kairzhan Yesenzhanov. It was Kairzhan Yesenzhanov, who was an ultimate role model for young Khamza, and later became a prototype for the main personage in “Yaik – the river of light” novel – Khakim Dzhunusov.
First poems of Khamza Yesenzhanov were published in Dzhameity regional newspaper, when he was only 13 years old. After finishing school in 1927, Khamza by advice of his uncle got into Alma-Atinskiy zoo veterinary technical school. However, after two years he dropped out and became a student of philology faculty at pedagogical institute, first in Kazakhstan. At this time, he became close with writers, such as Beimbet Maylin and Ilyas Zhansugurov. Soon, Khamza Yesenzhanov became a member of the Union of worker-agrarian writers.
In 1934 Khamza Yesenzhanov was accepted into Graduate Programme of Leningrad institute of literature and art. However, he was not able to get a degree. Young and talented writer was called back to Kazakhstan after two years - because of the sharp deficit of national staff, who knew both Kazakh and Russian languages.
From 1936 to 1938 he was a director of literature sector of Kazakhstan branch of the Academy of sciences of USSR, led Almaty theatre of Kazakh drama and capital philharmonic, and also gave lectures on Russian literature of XVIII-XIX centuries in his alma-mater.
In 1938 Khamza Ikhsanovich was declared as an enemy of nation and was sentenced by sadly famous 58th article to 25 years of camps and prisons.
Up until 1955 he was behind the bars. Still, he has not abandoned writing, although the conditions for the latter were far from ideal. All these years, while he was changing prisons, his wife Sofya Zhakievna followed him. Giving a tribute to such a self victimization, his friends called Khamza Ikhsanovich a Kazakh decabrist.
While in exile, in 1951 the son Alikhan was born in Yesenzhanov’s family, which followed his father’s path. Alikhan Khamzievich Yesenzhanov – is a scientist, candidate of philological sciences, he taught in Art academy named after T.K. Zhurgenev. He left this world in 2015. There was also an older son at Khamza Yesenzhanov, who was born in 1937. He was given a name of Emil in an honor of French writer Emil Zola. Unfortunately, he died in 1943.
In 1956 Khamza Yesenzhanov was fully rehabilitated and came back to art. For his enormous contribution to Kazakh literature in 1967 he was awarded a State award of Kazakh SSR. Also our (zemlyak) was a cavalier of medals, such as “Labor Red Flag” and “Badge of honor” He died in 1974.
Akushtap Baktygereeva was born on August 23, 1944 in Enbek village of Akzhaiykskiy district, West Kazakhstan oblast. In 1961 she finished school № 11 named after S. Seyfullin in Uralsk. From 1961 till 1966 she studied at Kazakh State Female pedagogical institute on philological faculty in Almaty. From 1966 till 1971 she worked as a journalist in regional newspaper “Oral oniri” in Uralsk, in “Oktyabr Tuyi” in Taldykurgan oblast, “Kazakh adebieti” in Almaty. In 1967 the first collection of her poems named “Orimtal” – “Iva” was published. Starting from 1969 she is a member of Kazakhstan writers Union. In 1971-1972 she worked as a redactor in “Kazakhfilm” movie studio. In 1975-1981 she worked as a redactor in “Zhuldyz” magazine. She is a laureate of “Sovetskaya zhenshina” and “Ogonek” magazines’ awards. In 2005 she is awarded with “Znak Pocheta” (“Badge of honor”) medal. In 2007 she became a leader of “Kalamger” literature union, and also a head of West-Kazakhstan branch of Kazakhstan writers Union. In 2008 she is a laureate of “Alash” international award. In 2008 she was awarded with “Til zhanashyry”, “Astana – 10 years” medals, in 2016 she was awarded with a Distinct sign “Zheltoksan okigasyna – 30 zhyl”, she is a Distinct citizen of Uralsk city.
Zhuban Moldagaliyev was born on October 5, 1920 in Zhylandy place of Akzhaiyk district. Having finished 7 years of school, he studied in Uralsk agrarian technical college. It’s probably the rich history of our land, introduction to the name and art of great literature men, which became one of the main reasons, why this young man wanted to become a writer. Long before the war, his first poems were published on regional newspaper “Oral oniri” pages; those poems were his first trial. In 1939 Zhuban, for the first time, performed his poems at young writers’ of Uralsk and Guryev oblasts conference.
Zhuban Moldagaliyev is a participant of Great Patriotic war. He was an artillery man, commissar of the battery, and then a war journalist. On the pages of front newspaper he published some notes, drawings, poems. After demobilization from Soviet Army he worked as a deputy redactor of “Leninshil zhyl” and “Kazakh adebieti” newspapers, chief redactor of “Zhuldyz” magazine. In 1949 his first collection of poems “Pesni Pobedy” was published, which were based on his impressions about the war, brave deeds of his friends, and the happiness of victory. He was close to and understood really well the inner world of a soldier; lines of his poems are attracting attention by their simplicity, openness and exact description of the details of military life. From that period he published over 30 collections of poems. Among them “Krylya pesni”, “Sudba vdovy”, “Sel”, “Orlinaya steppe”, “Stupeni Baykonura”, “Ya – Kazakh” and many others. Zhuban Moldagaliyev – laureate of a State award of Kazakh SSR named after Abay for his “Razbivshiy okovy” poem (1970), laureate of State award of USSR (1978) for his poems “Orlinaya steppe” and “Sel”. He is awarded with Great Patriotic War medals of II degree, “Dignity sign”, with two medals of Labour Red Flag and medals of USSR. For his “Golos lyubvi” collection he was rewarded with golden medal of A.A.Fadeev. In 1985 he was given a title of “National writer of Kazakh SSR”.
Poems of Zhuban Moldagaliyev are a part of multinational poetry; they are a property of wide circle of readers.
In 2000 by the Decree of Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan from August 31 the name of Zhuban Moldagaliyev was given to West-Kazakhstan universal scientific library.
Kayrat Zhumagaliyev was born on September 16, 1937 in Beskudyk place of Zhiekkumskiy village council (now village Beysen) of Urdinskiy district (now okeyordinskiy district), West Kazakhstan oblast. In 1959 after finishing a philology faculty of Kazakhstan State University, he began his working career as a junior redactor of “Zhasushy” (“Writer”) publishing agency, here he worked for many years and has excelled to the position of deputy chief redactor. In 1985-1992 he worked as a chief redactor on Kazakh TV. In 1993-1996 he was a head of translating – redacting department at the Senate of Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and as an advisor. From a young age he is known as the author of beautiful legends in poems. His book “Pervyi” (“First”) saw the world in 1964 in “Zhazushy” (“Writer”) publishing house. After that, readers got acquainted with his collections of poems, such as “Zhanar”, “Perzent uyi”, “Zhenisbay”, “Aynamkoz’, “Sahara”, “Shapagat”, “Atatau”, “Parasat”, “Kubazhon”, “Akmaral”, “Kim koripti mundaydy”, and also a selected collection named “Saske”. Four books of his were translated into Russian language, and his collections “Stepnaya doroga” (“Steppe road”) and “Celomudrie (“Virginity”) were published in “Sovietskiy pisatel” (“Soviet writer”) publishing house in Moscow. Some of his books were translated into Russian, French, Arabic, German, Chinese, Hindi, Spanish, Polish, Bulgarian languages. Kayrat Zhumagaliyev was a sophisticated translator. He translated into his native language “Iliad” of Homer, “Medeya” of Euripi, “Yelena”, and “Beauties of Troy” tragedies, creations of classics of world literature. He also translated into Kazakh language the “The count of Monte-Cristo” novel of A. Dumas (collaboratively with A. Zhumabayev), the novel of Mongolian writer L. Tudeva “Gornyi potok” (“Mountain stream”), creations of French poet Beranger, the chapters of Kyrgyz epos “Manas”.Kayrat Zhumagaliyev – is the author of many songs. The greatest creation of the poet is the heartfelt song “Anashym” (“Mother”), which was written together with Marat Omarov, the composer, which was recognized as the best Kazakh song about mother for several times. For his significant art creations he was selected as a laureate of “Molodaya Gvardia” (“Young Guards”) magazine and “Kazakh adebieti” (“Kazakh literature”) newspaper. The poet had died in December of 2013; he is buried in Almaty besides his mother’s grave.
KADYR GINAYATOVICH MYRZA ALI
Kadyr Ginayatovich Myrza Ali was born on January 5th, 1935 in Dzhambeity village of Dzhambeytinskiy district, Uralsk oblast. In 1958 he graduated from philological faculty of Kazakh State University. After graduation he dedicated a lot of effort to journalist work. He was a literature employee of “Baldyrgan” – “Baby” children journal (1958-1962), a head of a poetry and critics department, a responsible secretary of “Zhuldyz” – “Star” journal (1962-1965), a head of a poetry redaction of “Zhazushy” publication house (1968-1973), a head of poetry section of the Union of writers of Kazakhstan (1973-1978), deputy director of the Committee on national policy, development of culture and language of Supreme Council of Kazakhstan Republic (1992), a member of Parliament of Kazakhstan (1994). Kadyr Myrza Ali – is the author of more than 50 poetical collections, children books, and also the lyrics for more than 200 songs, which combined make a separate collection “Kunder-Ay” (1984). He brought a significant contribution into development of Kazakh literature. He wrote brain and tongue twisters, puzzles, fairytales for children of preschool age and of elementary school. His art is a part of school programme and is being studied by senior high school students. Plays based on his art are being played in all republican theatres. First collection of his poems “Vesna” (“Spring”) he released in 1959. Some of his poems are translated into Russian, German, Lithuanian, Estonian, Kirgiz, Tatar and others. In translations of Kadyr Myrza Ali you can find creations of Rome poet Ovide, Persian poet Rumi Dzhalaleddin, Italian children writer Dzhanni Rodarri, Lithuanian poet Eduardas Mezhelaytis, French writer Victor Hugo, Russian poet Mikhail Lermontov, Kazakh poet Olzhas Suleymenov and others. His special pride – is the translated volume of S. Yesenin lyrics, which Kadyr Ginayatovich considered his best achievement in his translating career. Another hobby of all his life – world’s nations puzzles, which he introduced Kazakh reader into. In 1980 the State award of Kazakh SSR was given to the poet for his “Zheruyik” – “Chudotvornaya zemlya” book of poems. By the results of a contest of 1993 “Daryn” art and literature association of Mongolia awarded Kadyr Myrza Ali with grand-prize for his high-idealistic literature creations, which received a wide recognition of readers. In 1996 by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan the poet was awarded with the “The National Writer” (“Narodnyi pisatel). In 2001 the poet became a laureate of “Tarlan” republican award; he also was awarded with “Za doblestnyi trud” (“For valiant work”) medal, “Parasat” (2005) and “Dostyk” (2010).
National writer of Kazakhstan, poet Kadyr Myrza Ali, left this world at the age of 77, in January of 2011.
Zhangali Nabiullin was born on December 13, 1936 in “Iskra” (“Spark”) village, of Bokeyordinskiy district, West Kazakhstan oblast. After graduating from Uralsk pedagogical institute named after A.S. Pushkin, starting from 1960 he worked in district, oblast and republican newspapers, in “Akkus” republican journal, and in oblast redaction “Serper”, “Oral oniri”. In 1967 the first book of Z. Nabiullin “Belyi dozhd” (“White rain”) with a translation into Russian was released. Then collections followed: “Znakomye napevy” (“Familiar melodies”) (1968), “Pravdu, odnu tolko pravdu” (“Truth and only truth”) (1970), “Orda – gorod otvazhnyh” (“Orda – the city of brave”) (1972) and others. In 1977 his creations were written into “Anthology of Kazakh poetry”. Zhangali Nabiullin – a member of Writers’ Union, distinct citizen of Uralsk city, of Zhangalinskiy and Bokeyordinskiy districts. On August 20th, 2015 there was a solemn opening of a memorial sign in the memory of a famous writer, member of USSR and Kazakhstan Writers Union Zhangali Nabiullin. Memorial sign is installed on a house wall, where the writer lived and worked in the last years. The poet has died in 2015.
Tair Zharokov was born on September 22, (October 5 by the new style) in 1908 in Urda village of Dzhanibekckiy district of Uralsk oblast in poor cattleman’s family. He studied at Russian-Kazakh elementary school, then in Orenburg Kazakh people-enlightment institute. In 1932 he finished Kazakh pedagogical institute, starting from the same year Zharokov – is the secretary of the Union of the writers of Kazakhstan, redactor Kazgoslitizdata, deputy redactor of “Kazakh adebieti” (“Kazakh Literature”) newspaper. In 1938-1942 he is a literature secretary of people’s akyn Zhambyl Zhabaev. He is a member of the Communist Party starting from 1939. He is a veteran of Great Patriotic war. He died in Almaty on March 11, 1965. He started to get published in 1927. His first poem “I smeetsya solnce zolotoe” (“And the golden sun is laughing”) Zharokov has published in “The gift of poets” collection in 1927, and in 1928 another poem “Aeroplan” was published. In 1931 collaboratively with Sagyr Kamalov he writes a play “Okrovavlennaya palka” (“The blooded stick”). First collection of poems “The shining of the stars” was released in 1932. The spirit of Soviet reality was depicted in Zharokov’s plays. He was rewarded with 2 medals (“Badge of Honour” medal – 1939), and also other medals. One street in Almaty is called in honor of Tair Zharokov’s name. In 2008 a stamp of Kazakhstan, which was dedicated to Zharokov, was released.
ENGELS GABBASOVICH GABBASOV
Engels Gabbasov was born on January 17, 1937 in Furmanovo village of West Kazakhstan oblast. In 1957 he graduated from West Kazakhstan State University named after A.S. Pushkin (now WKSU named after M. Utemisov). In 1966 he finished Almaty higher party school. After graduating from University he worked as a teacher, served in the army, worked as head of the department of oblast library (1957-1961); deputy head, then head of the department, secretary of Uralsk oblast committee of LKSM of Kazakhstan (1961-64); a secretary of Small Assembly of Nations of Kazakhstan (WKO branch) (1995-96); member of the Senate of RK Parliament, member of the Committee on international affairs, defense, and security (January 1996 – December 1999).
From December 1999 the writer was on the art vacation. He is the author of “Free horse for the warrior” (1969), “Single tree for the whole prairies” (1976), “In that summer and in this winter” (1980, 1988). He was a head of the West Kazakhstan Oblast Committee of the People Unity Party of Kazakhstan (1995-1996). Journalist, candidate of philological sciences, docent Ehgels Gabbasov is awarded with a “Badge of Honor” medal, with three other medals, distinct activist of Kazakhstan. Famous writer died at the age of 78, in July of 2014.