Libraries, they are like humans, every library has its own story, own destiny. Even libraries of the same level differ from each other by the external design and content. A book has always been and will always be one of the best means to raise a decent person. It gives a unique opportunity to better understand each other, it teaches to empathize, and librarians’ goal is to awaken and strengthen this precious ability. In a modern, developed and economically independent state library is the center of knowledge, spiritual and intellectual communication and culture of growing generation.
In 1961 for the first time in Uralsk regional children library was opened. By the order of Ministry of culture of Kazakh SSR from April 7 1961 6 people were approved as employees of the library. At the same time collective of newly organized library has formed a petition of giving a name of Arkadiy Petrovich Gaidar to the library. The petition was approved and in 1961 the name of Arkadiy Gaidar was granted to the library.
In 1967 the city youth library is opening in Uralsk. This is the first youth library in Kazakhstan. And starting from 1979 the Uralsk regional youth library was approved by the Ministry of culture of Kazakh SSR as a republican school with advanced experience in organizing the work on reading activities management of different social-psychological groups of readers of young age.
In 1988 as an experiment for the first time in the republic, in Uralsk 2 libraries were united: the regional children library named after A. P. Gaidar and the regional youth library into West-Kazakhstan regional library for children and youth named after A.P. Gaidar. Consolidation of the libraries was targeting one goal – to implement the principles of succession in the service for readers and a creation of a high-grade information service for servicing children and youth.
For the library employees’ collective this was the time of hard work and big transformations. The library’s staff and structure has changed, new departments emerged. New forms of differentiated service started to be used, informational, bibliographic and methodical work were developing and a single system of catalogues was created.
By the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan decree from December 20th of 2016 № 827 the regional library for children and youth named after A. P. Gaidar was renamed into West-Kazakhstan oblast library for children and youth named after Khamza Yesenzhanov.
Today the universal fund of the library accounts for as many as 199572 units. It has children, scientific, curricular, spiritual literature in Kazakh, Russian and other languages, a unique collection of video and audio materials. The library is subscribed to over 180 periodicals. In one year the library serves over 21 thousands readers, who receive around 420 thousands of books and periodicals.
All library activities are directed towards popularization of children and youth reading. The librarians do everything for the young generation of readers, so that they would come to the library with joy and excitement, and would discover the wonderful world of books, reading and a beauty of surrounding world.
It is also very symbolic that the building of the library is related to the monuments of cultural heritage of Priuralye. The monument of architecture of XIX century, it was built around 1838 specifically for the Uralsk Military Office, which later was reorganized into Military Economic Administration. The centurial archive of Ural Kossack Troops was kept here. From July till August of 1900 The writer-democrat V. G. Korolenko has worked on the archives. He studies the documents related to Peasant war under the leadership of Yemelyan Pugachev. As a result essays “At Kazaks” and “Pugachev legend on Ural” were published. And today, one of the most magnificent buildings of Uralsk attracts attention of tourists and city inhabitants.
West-Kazakhstan oblast library for children and youth named after Khamza Yesenzhanov is not only the main storage of children and youth literature in the region, but also a cultural and spiritual center. It is a space for personal development, place for children and youth to meet and communicate, methodical and coordination center for children libraries in the region.